Home > Welcome to Brittany! > History of Brittany Region

History of Brittany Region

Brittany's history can be dated back to the New Stone Age. There are a group of huge stone's ruins at Carnac, the southern part of Brittany, around 5,000 of 0.8 to 6.5m high standing stones line up from east to west, these are called Menhir. It was built between 4670 B.C. to 2000 B.C. in the New Stone Age, but it remains a mystery as to how these were carried, built and also the purpose it served.

The 6th B.C., the Celtic people were starting to live and work the land. The Celtic Venetes people were living in the area but they were conquered by Caesar in 56 B.C. and governed by the Roman Empire. At the turn of the 5th B.C., When the Western Roman Empire began to decline, the Germanic race such as Frank race started governing this area. Gallo-Latin language is the origin of French language formed in this period. After the middle of this 5th B.C., the Celtic people were moved again from Britain and this is when it became to be known and called "Small Bretagne" (Bretagne in French). This change continued up until the beginning of 7th B.C..

By the turn of the 9th B.C., Brittany's here Nominoe unified Bretagne and with the approval of West Frank Kingdom made independent the Principality of Brittany. After that they fought off Norman's invasion several times, fighting against both of France and England to protect their independence, but finally under the pressure of France, in 1532, Brittany formally became part of France. Based on this historical background, Brittany had kept its own identity through several centuries, Breton keeping and retaining the Breton language.